Summary

eksterioer_indgangsfacaden.jpgArne Jacobsen's house on the Copenhagen coast road, Strandvejen, is part of the Søholm estate of terraced houses at Klampenborg, north of Copenhagen. The estate was constructed in 1945-1953 in three phases, each with a separate house type, and all designed by Danish architect Arne Jacobsen.

The houses are all staggered, so each stands as an independent three-dimensional composition within the whole. The house at Strandvejen 413 was built as a private home and drawing office for Arne Jacobsen himself.

In their outward appearance, the houses relate very consciously to their surroundings, and the mutual positioning and local displacements are precisely calculated according to the sun, the view of the sea and to certain large trees retained from the original garden. The materials used are, in themselves, the result of a thorough study of the ambient colours and materiality at the site. Regarding the materials, Jacobsen writes in the Danish professional journal 'Arkitekten' in 1951: 'The houses are constructed in yellow brick of a soft character, which will rapidly weather to grey. The aprons and balconies are in yellow, while the remaining woodwork is white. However, the wooden elements behind are painted grey to match the yellow-grey bricks, the granite walls, the willow hedges and the dark grey fibre-cement roofs'.

The many displacements and differing orientations of the houses are correspondingly seen in the interiors, which despite the modest total of 110 square metres feel very spacious, and are appointed with fittings designed to the last detail by Arne Jacobsen himself. However, at Strandvejen 413, Jacobsen added a full cellar, which he fitted out as a drawing office. These rooms saw the creation of the drawings for many of Arne Jacobsen's works, such as the SAS Hotel, which secured him international recognition.

The restoration
The restoration of the terraced house and its garden, both of which were listed in 1987, focused on returning the house to its original expression, while carrying out a number of necessary renovation works.

Repair work included the floor coverings, the painting of walls and ceilings and local repairs to the cast concrete floors. The building's gutters and drainpipes have been replaced, and along the east side of the building, the soil has been drained to prevent dampness.

The small listed garden at Strandvejen 413 was also re-established in connection with the restoration. The garden is very different from Jacobsen's other gardens and is reckoned one of his masterpieces in landscape architecture. Whereas, in accordance with the ideas of functionalism, he created many simple gardens around his buildings, his own garden is a close-packed exotic oasis. The mere 300 square metres were intricately planned by Jacobsen himself and contained a wealth of plants - originally there were over 300 different species. The layout of the garden with its beds and paths is a reverse image of the floor plan of the house.

The architect
Arne Jacobsen (1902-1971) is one of a kind, and is known throughout the world. Through his many different projects, from buildings to furniture and applied arts, he made a strong and personal impression on Danish architecture and design for more than 50 years. His scope was wide, from the functionalist lines of large buildings to the simplicity of his celebrated range of cutlery. It is characteristic of Arne Jacobsen that several of his buildings were equipped down to the last detail with furniture and fittings of his own design.

After having lived in Sweden during World War II, he moved to the house on Strandvejen in 1951 and lived and worked here until his death in 1971. Together with the Bellavista housing estate, the Bellevue Theatre and the Bellevue Sea Bath in Klampenborg, the estate of eighteen terraced houses at Søholm helped to secure Arne Jacobsen's international breakthrough.

Application
The property is leased and has its original function of mixed residential and commercial use. Not open to the public.